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In Film making and video production, Pre-production formally begins once a project has been greenlit. At this stage, finalizing preparations for production go into effect. Financing will generally be confirmed and many of the key elements such as principal cast members, director and cinematographer are set. By the end of pre-production, the screenplay is usually finalized and satisfactory to all the financiers and other stakeholders.

Even though the writer may still be working on it, the screenplay is generally page-locked and scene-numbered at the beginning of pre-production to avoid confusion. This means that even though additions and deletions may still be made, any particular scene will always fall on the same page and have the same scene number.

    . Casting (performing arts)

    . Film budgeting

    . Screenplay (script)

    . Screenwriting

    . Shooting schedule

    . Storyboard

Casting (performing arts)

The casting process involves a series of auditions before a casting panel, composed of individuals such as the producer, director and/or choreographer. In the early stages of the process, performers often may present prepared audition pieces such as monologues or songs. These audition pieces are usually videotaped, attached with resumes, and head shots and then shared with producers, directors and studio representatives. Later stages may involve groups of actors attempting material from the work under consideration in various combinations; the casting director considers both the talent of the individual actors and the chemistry of their combination.

Film budgeting

    Story rights: The right to produce a film based on a play, novel, musical or video game, or as a remake or sequel can cost anything from a couple of                            thousand, depending upon the movie.

    Screen Play: An A-list screenwriter may be paid highly to write a script, script doctors may be called upon to revise the final draft.

    Producers: : Film producers and executive producers are often well-paid, with a top producer earning a seven-figure salary upfront as well as                           bonuses and a share of the profits.

    Producers:Film producers and executive producers are often well-paid, with a top producer earning a seven-figure salary upfront as well as                        bonuses and a share of the profits.

    Production Costs:The cost of producing the film includes crew wages, production design, live set and studio costs, costumes, catering,                       accommodation, transportation, travel, hotel stay, etc. The director of photography is usually the highest paid member of the crew.

    Visual effects:The cost of computer-generated imagery effects and other visual effect work in post-production depends largely on the amount of                       work, the desired quality, and the effects company involved (Industrial Light and Magic is the most prestigious and expensive).

    Music:The top film composers can ask for a seven-figure salary to compose an hour or so of an original film score. The artist may wish to see                       a screening of the film to see if it meets their approval; Bowie did so with the film Training Day, giving the film a good amount of                       pre-release publicity). Sometimes a film will turn to unknown or little-known artists willing to license the rights to their song for a                        small fee in exchange for the publicity. Typically, the music budget of a major motion picture is about 2 percent of the final total.


The format is structured in a way that one page usually equates to one minute of screen time. In a "shooting script", each scene is numbered, and technical direction may be given. In a "spec" or a "draft" in various stages of development, the scenes are not numbered, and technical direction is at a minimum.

The major components are action and dialogue. The "action" is written in the present tense. The "dialogue" are the lines the characters speak. Unique to the screenplay (as opposed to a stage play) is the use of slug lines.

Screen Writing

Screenwriting, also called scriptwriting, is the art and craft of writing scripts for mass media such as feature films, television productions or video games. It is frequently a freelance profession. Screenwriters are responsible for researching the story, developing the narrative, writing the screenplay, and delivering it, in the required format, to development executives. Screenwriters therefore have great influence over the creative direction and emotional impact of the screenplay and, arguably, of the finished film. They either pitch original ideas to producers in the hope that they will be optioned or sold, or screenwriters are commissioned by a producer to create a screenplay from a concept, true story, existing screen work or literary work, such as a novel, poem, play, comic book or short story.

Shooting Schedule

A shooting schedule is a project plan of each day's shooting for a film production. It is normally created and managed by the assistant director, who reports to the production manager managing the production schedule. Both schedules represent a timeline stating where and when production resources are used.


A storyboard is a graphic organizer in the form of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence. The storyboarding process, in the form it is known today, was developed at Walt Disney Productions during the early 1930s, after several years of similar processes being in use at Walt Disney and other animation studios.

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